European comparison 2004-2013
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Information

Unit
Coefficient/rate
Latest update
20150605
Creation date
6/5/2015
Matrix
VIN07114
Footnotes

Footnotes

According to Eurostat procedures the years of the table refer to the survey year, the year the survey was implemented. The income reference period is the previous tax year.

The latest figures that were accessible for other countries than Iceland were from 2010.

The Gini-coefficient is a number between 0 and 100 which shows how the total income of everyone in the population is distributed. The Gini-coefficient would be 100 if one individual had all the income but 0 if everyone had equal income. For instance in the year 2010 the Gini-coefficient was 25.7 in Iceland.

The quintile share ratio shows the ratio of the total equivalised disposable income of the 20% of the population with the highest income to the total 20% with the lowest equivalised disposable income. In the year 2010 the highest quintile had 3.6 times the equivalised disposable income of the lowest quintile.
At-risk-of-poverty rate is the rate of individuals that fall under the at-risk-of-poverty threshold. The at-risk-of-poverty threshold is defined as 60% of the median equivalised disposable income. Equivalised disposable income depends on the disposable income of the household and how many people are living from that income. For instance, two adults with two children need 2.1 times more disposable income than a person who lives alone in order to have comparable disposable income. The at-risk-of-poverty rate in Iceland was for instance 9.8% in 2010.

The indicator of at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion sums up the number of persons who are at-risk-of-poverty, persons who live in households with very low work intensity and persons who are severely materially deprived. Persons who are at risk of poverty are those who are below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold as explained above. Persons are considered living in households with very low work intensity if they are aged 0-59 and the working age members in the household worked less than 20% of their potential during past year. Those who are severely materially deprived defined as those who have answered four out of the following nine questions with yes.
1. Have you been in arrears with housing loans or other loans because of lack of money in the last 12 months
2. Cannot afford to go on a week long holiday with the family
3. Cannot afford meat, fish or comparable vegetarian equivalent every second day
4. Cannot meet unexpected expenses (of 160 thousand isk in the year
2011)5. Cannot afford a mobile phone or a home phone
6. Cannot afford a TV
7. Cannot afford a washing machine
8. Cannot afford a car
9. Cannot afford to keep the home adequately warm

The EU-SILC is a sample survey which must be taken into account when looking at the results. In order to evaluate the uncertainty due to sampling error confidence interval is calculated (CI). The interval reaches equally far below and above the number it applies to and is added to and subtracted from the number. If evaluated at-risk-of-poverty rate is 10% and the confidence interval is +/- 1.2 the lower limit is 8.8 and the upper limit is 11.2 given 95% confidence level and therefore it can be stated that in 95% of samples of equal size the result would fall within the given interval. When comparing two numbers in order to see if the difference between them is large enough to be statistically significant one needs to look a the confidence interval of both numbers and see if they cross each other.